If you have developed an enlarged thyroid gland or a nodule has formed, your physician may recommend a thyroid biopsy.


There are different types of thyroid biopsies. At Jefferson Surgical Interventional Center in Roanoke, Virginia, we perform minimally invasive thyroid biopsies under ultrasound guidance. This procedure is also called a fine needle aspiration biopsy of the thyroid.

During the ultrasound-guided biopsy, your interventional radiologist will use ultrasound technology to guide the insertion of a small hollow needle into your thyroid nodule. The needle will capture cells from the nodule that will help your physician determine whether the thyroid nodule is benign (not cancerous) or malignant (cancerous).

If a fine needle biopsy can’t be performed or doesn’t yield conclusive results, your physician may recommend an open biopsy. The open thyroid biopsy involves an incision that will allow your surgeon to see the thyroid gland and extract a larger sample for further testing.

Benefits of ultrasound-guided thyroid biopsy

Fast recovery: There’s no incision made during an ultrasound-guided biopsy, so the recovery time is very fast. In most cases, the ultrasound-guided biopsy is an outpatient procedure.

Quality sample: The ultrasound guidance allows your interventional radiologist to “see” the thyroid gland or the nodule and take the sample from the right spot.

Lower-risk: You aren’t fully sedated during an ultrasound-guided biopsy – we only numb the local area – so there’s little risk with the anesthesia. And there’s no incision, so the risk of infection is also lower.

Minimally invasive: The ultrasound guidance gives us a visual of the thyroid without an incision, so we don’t cause any disruption to the surrounding tissue.

To make an appointment for an ultrasound-guided thyroid biopsy, please call 540-283-3881 or email us for more information.

Why do I need a thyroid biopsy?
There is an indication that there may be a problem with your thyroid gland.
How do I prepare for a thyroid biopsy?
What happens before a thyroid biopsy?
What happens during a thyroid biopsy?
What happens after a thyroid biopsy?

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